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Timothy and Alfalfa Hay Blog

What is Timothy Hay?

Posted on Oct 19, 2018

Not all hay is created equal. In fact, it varies greatly according to plant type, quality, growing region, and intended use. Timothy hay is more than just forage and has specific qualities that make it a premium feed option for a variety of feed programs.

The two most popular types of hay used as feed for livestock are legumes and grass hay. Alfalfa hay is the most well-known and widely fed legume (called “lucerne” in many parts of the world), and clovers are another type of legume that are also commonly incorporated in many feed programs. Alfalfa’s high protein content makes it ideal for milk-producing livestock and animals with high energy requirements.

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Topics: Timothy Hay, Etymology Timothy Hay

Harvest Update - October 12, 2018

Posted on Oct 13, 2018

Alfalfa

Alfalfa harvest has wrapped up for the year in Washington State. Growers completed 4th cutting last week, and we are seeing good test results from stacks so far. In Oregon, some fields are left to be baled in Klamath Falls from 4th cutting. This final cutting will likely be domestic dairy grades and will be complete over the next seven days.

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Topics: Export Hay, Harvest Update, Timothy Hay, Alfalfa Hay

Harvest Update - September 27, 2018

Posted on Sep 28, 2018

Alfalfa

Growers in Washington State were able to make good progress on 4th cutting last week, and only a few have fields left to cut. Quality looks good for what has been baled and what is in windrows, and weather has been clear for this cutting. Yields are average for this cutting and region. In Oregon, Christmas Valley growers are wrapping up 3rd cutting while fields in Klamath Falls are being cut for 4th. Nice hay is going up from this area, which will likely go to the domestic dairy market.

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Topics: Export Hay, Harvest Update, Alfalfa Hay, Timothy Hay

Harvest Update - September 21, 2018

Posted on Sep 22, 2018

Alfalfa

Fourth cutting is in full swing in Washington State, and we’re seeing a mix of quality as hay is getting baled. About 50% of fields have been cut and 25% have been baled. In Oregon, growers in Christmas Valley are just starting 3rd cutting, which we expect to be mostly domestic dairy grades. Klamath Falls is expected to begin 4th cutting in the next 7-10 days.

In New Mexico, 4th cutting began early this week. A small amount was cut and will be baled before the weekend, however most field won’t be cut for 4-5 days. Growers in Arizona are waiting for good weather windows to start 8th cutting. We expect a mix of #1 and HCE from this cutting as temperatures decrease.

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Topics: Export Hay, Quality of Forage, Timothy Hay, Alfalfa Hay

Timothy Hay Growing Regions

Posted on Sep 18, 2018

Timothy hay (phleum pretense) is a perennial grass hay used as feed for many animals from small pets to Triple Crown-winning racehorses. Native to much of Europe, an American colonial farmer is credited with being the first to cultivate the grass in North America in 1720. By 1747, the grass first farmed by Timothy Hanson was known as “timothy” and has since earned a reputation for being the finest forage produced in the world.

Growing high quality Timothy hay requires number of very specific climate conditions. Most regions known for producing this cool-season grass grow are at high altitudes, have harsh winters, and summers with long warm days and cool nights.

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Topics: Timothy, Timothy Hay, Etymology Timothy Hay

Harvest Update - September 14, 2018

Posted on Sep 15, 2018

Alfalfa

Despite some spotty weather conditions, growers in the South Columbia Basin of Washington State are able to begin baling 4th cutting this week. Color looks good for stacks that have been baled so far, and we will fully assess quality once baling is complete. In Oregon, Christmas Valley has just started 3rd cutting. Weather has been clear in Klamath Falls, where 4th cutting is expected to begin in the next 7-10 days and will mostly go to domestic markets.

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Topics: Harvest Update, Alfalfa Hay, Timothy Hay, Quality of Forage

Harvest Update - September 7, 2018

Posted on Sep 8, 2018

Alfalfa

Fourth cutting has begun for a few growers in Washington State, and with favorable weather over the next couple of weeks we are expecting good quality. Quality from 3rd cutting was mixed; a small amount of higher grades was put up due to haze and loss of color. We are seeing good opportunity on some stacks that have tested well despite the loss of color from extended curing times.

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Topics: Export Hay, Harvest Update, Timothy Hay, Alfalfa Hay

Harvest Update - August 30, 2018

Posted on Aug 31, 2018

Alfalfa

Third cutting has wrapped up in Washington State, and water is expected to turn off in the next 7-10 days in some areas to start 4th cutting. Growers in Klamath Falls, Oregon are expecting to be done with 3rd cutting in the next week, as Christmas Valley just begins around that time. Haze caused by wildfires has improved and curing conditions are back to normal for this time of year.  

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Topics: Export Hay, Harvest Update, Timothy Hay, Alfalfa Hay

Harvest Update - August 23, 2018

Posted on Aug 24, 2018

Alfalfa

Third cutting is wrapping up in Washington State, with 95% of fields cut and about 85% baled. Challenging curing conditions due to high level haze caused by wild fires persist across the Pacific Northwest, resulting in lower quality grades due to extended time in the windrows and loss of color. We expect more lower grades to come from this cutting in Washington State, however quality will be assessed once all hay has been baled. Growers in Oregon are continuing with 3rd cutting and have about 40% cut so far.

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Topics: Export Hay, Harvest Update, Timothy Hay, Alfalfa Hay

Harvest Update - August 16, 2018

Posted on Aug 17, 2018

Alfalfa

Alfalfa harvest continues this week and we are seeing a good mix of qualities to meet our partners’ needs coming out of the Pacific Northwest. Third cutting is in full swing in Washington State as growers in the Columbia Basin manage difficult curing conditions to get hay into bales this week. Baling is expected to wrap up in the next seven days. In Oregon, 2nd cutting finished last week and we are seeing a range of quality coming from that region.

Growers in New Mexico were able to navigate some weather challenges this weekend and 3rd cutting is showing good color and leaf. Quality will be fully assessed once baling is complete. Growers in some areas of Arizona have begun 7th cutting while 6th is still in windrows for others. Sixth cutting should wrap up by the end of the week.

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Topics: Export Hay, Harvest Update, Timothy Hay, Alfalfa Hay