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Timothy and Alfalfa Hay Blog

Where Does Timothy Hay Grow?

Posted on Jul 15, 2021

Timothy hay (phleum pratense) also known as meadow cat's-tail, is a perennial grass hay used as feed for many animals from small pets to Triple Crown-winning racehorses. Native to much of Europe, an American colonial farmer is credited with being the first to cultivate the grass in North America in 1720. By 1747, the grass first farmed by Timothy Hanson was known as “timothy” and has since earned a reputation for being the finest forage produced in the world.

Ideal Climate Conditions for Timothy Hay

Growing high quality Timothy hay requires a number of very specific climate conditions. Most regions known for producing this cool-season grass grow are at high altitudes, have harsh winters, and summers with long warm days and cool nights.

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Topics: Timothy Hay, Timothy, Etymology Timothy Hay

Forage Nutrition 101: Acid Detergent Fiber & Neutral Detergent Fiber

Posted on Jul 1, 2021

Success in the agriculture industry starts with the quality of your forages. They need to deliver optimal levels of protein, minerals, fiber, and other essentials to establish the most accurate measurement of feed quality: animal productivity. Many factors weigh into whether forages are good, better or best – such as climate, soil conditions, and the harvesting process. Consider all of these aspects when choosing a supplier to ensure that you receive the highest quality forage possible.

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Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Timothy, Horse Nutrition

Flakes of hay: How much to feed your horse?

Posted on Jun 10, 2021

How Do Horses Digestion Systems Work?

Horses are non-ruminant herbivores, meaning they have a single stomach digestive system, and can eat and utilize roughages much like cattle or sheep.  However, unlike cattle, horses have stomachs that function similarly to human stomachs, where feed particles are mixed with pepsin, an enzyme that breaks down proteins, and hydrochloric acid, which breaks down solid particles.  But, a horse stomach is quite small in comparison to the stomachs of other livestock animals and can only contain about 10% of the total capacity of the digestive system. 

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Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Hay for Horses, Timothy Hay, Race Horse Hay, Timothy

What is Timothy Hay?

Posted on Jun 2, 2021

Not all hay is created equal. In fact, it varies greatly according to plant type, quality, growing region, and intended use. Timothy hay is more than just forage and has specific qualities that make it a premium feed option for a variety of feed programs.

Types of Hay for Livestock

The two most popular types of hay used as feed for livestock are legumes and grass hay. Alfalfa hay is the most well-known and widely fed legume (called “lucerne” in many parts of the world), and clovers are
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Topics: Timothy Hay, Etymology Timothy Hay

Forage Nutrition 101: Crude Protein

Posted on May 11, 2021

High-quality forages are essential for livestock, as premium products provide the optimal amounts of energy, protein, minerals, fiber and other essential nutrients. Forage quality relies upon many factors, including:

  • Climate
  • Soil fertility
  • Harvesting technique

Production of premium forages is extremely complex. One of the top and most widely recognized measures of forage quality is the amount of crude protein it contains. Crude protein has a large impact on animal digestive health and productivity. Read on for more information on crude protein, why it’s important and what percentages are ideal in different types of forages.

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Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Timothy Hay, Quality of Forage, Horse Nutrition

Justify Becomes the 13th Triple Crown Winner

Posted on Jun 12, 2018

Saturday was a historic day as Justify became the 13th Triple Crown winner with his victory in the Belmont Stakes in Elmont, NY. Conditions were perfect and the track was fast on Saturday as Justify became the second Bob Baffert-trained triple crown winner since American Pharoah ended the 37-year drought in 2015.

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Topics: Hay for Horses, Timothy Hay, Race Horse Hay, Horse Nutrition, News

Justify Wins the 2018 Preakness Stakes

Posted on May 22, 2018

The second of three races that comprise the Triple Crown ended in another win for Justify this weekend. Conditions at Pimlico Race Course were strikingly similar to those at Churchill Downs earlier this month, with rains leading up to the race, a muddy track, and the addition of heavy fog that made the 9.5 furlongs that much more exciting.

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Topics: Hay for Horses, Timothy Hay, Race Horse Hay, Horse Nutrition, News

Justify Wins 144th Kentucky Derby

Posted on May 7, 2018

Justify emerged as the winner of an exciting race on Saturday afternoon. The 144th Kentucky Derby was the wettest in history, with a 24-hour precipitation of 3.15” and a muddy track to show for it. Steady rain provided just enough unpredictability to cast a doubt on if this year’s favorite would come through victorious, but Bob Baffert-trained Justify proved worthy. Finishing with a time of 2 minutes 4.20 seconds, Justify was able to edge out Good Magic and Audible by 2 ½ lengths.

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Topics: Hay for Horses, Race Horse Hay, Video, News

Dubai World Cup 2018

Posted on Apr 13, 2018

Horse racing is one of the most popular sports in Dubai, and the Dubai World Cup is the one of the premiere events in the United Arab Emirates. Held annually at the Meydan Racecourse since 1996, this race boasts a purse of $10 mil USD and hosts more than 50,000 spectators a year. Horses travel from around the world to compete in this high profile event and competition is fierce for the first place finish.

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Topics: Race Horse Hay, Horse Health, News

Forage Nutrition 101: Phosphorus

Posted on May 26, 2016

In the agriculture industry, the quality of forages is measured by the levels of energy, fiber, and other essential nutrients they provide. Growing environment, soil conditions, and harvesting technique all impact forage quality. The physical attributes of forages (smell, color, leafiness) are not as specific indicators of quality as chemical analysis.

One factor to consider when looking at you forage options is the concentration of phosphorus (P) as different levels affect digestion and animal productivity.

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Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Timothy Hay, Quality of Forage, Timothy