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Timothy and Alfalfa Hay Blog

    Timothy Hay Growing Regions

    Posted on Sep 18, 2018

    Timothy hay (phleum pretense) is a perennial grass hay used as feed for many animals from small pets to Triple Crown-winning racehorses. Native to much of Europe, an American colonial farmer is credited with being the first to cultivate the grass in North America in 1720. By 1747, the grass first farmed by Timothy Hanson was known as “timothy” and has since earned a reputation for being the finest forage produced in the world.

    Growing high quality Timothy hay requires number of very specific climate conditions. Most regions known for producing this cool-season grass grow are at high altitudes, have harsh winters, and summers with long warm days and cool nights.

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    Topics: Timothy Hay, Timothy, Etymology Timothy Hay

    Harvest Update - June 6, 2018

    Posted on Jun 8, 2018


    First cutting is wrapping up in Washington State with all areas finished cutting and only about 25% left to put in bales. In the North Basin, some growers have had success with 1st cutting and produced good quality hay, while others encountered weather challenges and we’re seeing lower grades in the stacks. Second cutting in the South Basin will begin in the next two weeks.

    In Oregon, growers have just started cutting and all fields in Klamath Falls are expecting to begin cutting by the weekend. Many areas in the Pacific Northwest and Northern California have precipitation forecasted over the weekend. Growers with hay in the windrows are working to have it baled before Friday, and some are holding off cutting until weather patterns pass.

    Weather is looking good in the Pacific Southwest, and 1st cutting should be complete in New Mexico by the end of the week. Temperatures in Arizona continue to rise, and tests results are leveling out with mostly lower grades expected to come from this region.

    As new crop comes in, some markets are being aggressive with placing orders, and we are seeing good opportunity for early movement for all grades.

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    Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Timothy, Harvest Update, News, Export Hay

    Harvest Update May 31, 2018

    Posted on Jun 1, 2018


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    Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Timothy, Harvest Update, News, Export Hay, Weather

    Harvest Update May 23, 2018

    Posted on May 24, 2018


    Alfalfa harvest is in progress in the Pacific Southwest, and growers in Arizona have begun 3rd cutting. High testing dairy inventory is low, as new crop is being purchased and moved quickly after harvest. Tests have begun to fall off with the warmer temperatures as expected. In New Mexico, water has been turned off and growers are expecting to begin first cutting harvest late this week. Favorable weather has provided good growing conditions and likely good testing hay.

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    Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Timothy, Harvest Update, News, Export Hay

    Harvest Update - Alfalfa Timothy Straw 22 June 2016

    Posted on Jun 23, 2016

    Growers in New Mexico have completed 1st cutting Alfalfa harvest and are tending their fields for 2nd cutting, which is expected to begin in the next couple of weeks. Weather in the coming week looks promising, with a chance of showers.

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    Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Timothy Hay, Quality of Forage, Timothy, Harvest Update, News, Export Hay

    Harvest Update - Alfalfa, Timothy, Straw 8 June 2016

    Posted on Jun 10, 2016

    Growers in New Mexico are expecting to finish baling 1st cutting Alfalfa at the end of the week. Weather has been favorable for this cutting, and quality is good. In Utah, Alfalfa is looking good with bright green color and good leaf retention. There is a chance of showers over the weekend, so growers are working hard to finish cutting and baling over the next couple of days while the chance of precipitation is minimal. So far, about 80% of fields have been cut, and 45% has been baled.

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    Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Timothy Hay, Quality of Forage, Timothy, Harvest Update, News

    Forage Nutrition 101: Phosphorus

    Posted on May 26, 2016

    In the agriculture industry, the quality of forages is measured by the levels of energy, fiber, and other essential nutrients they provide. Growing environment, soil conditions, and harvesting technique all impact forage quality. The physical attributes of forages (smell, color, leafiness) are not as specific indicators of quality as chemical analysis.

    One factor to consider when looking at you forage options is the concentration of phosphorus (P) as different levels affect digestion and animal productivity.

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    Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Timothy Hay, Quality of Forage, Timothy

    Forage Nutrition 101: Nitrates

    Posted on May 19, 2016

    Quality forages are vital to the livestock industry, as only the top quality options provide crude protein, acid detergen/neutral detergent fiber, minerals, and other nutrients essential to animal health. Forage quality depends on a variety of conditions, such as the harvesting process, soil, fertilization, maturity – factors that impact both the physical characteristics and chemical makeup of the final product. Premium forages aren’t developed overnight; they are the result of extensive expertise and years of experience.

    When assessing forage options, one measurement commonly used to measure quality is the percentage

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    Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Quality of Forage, Timothy, Horse Nutrition, Export Hay

    Forage Nutrition 101: Acid Detergent Fiber & Neutral Detergent Fiber

    Posted on May 12, 2016

    Success in the agriculture industry starts with the quality of your forages. They need to deliver optimal levels of protein, minerals, fiber, and other essentials to establish the most accurate measurement of feed quality: animal productivity. Many factors weigh into whether forages are good, better or best – such as climate, soil conditions, and the harvesting process. Consider all of these aspects when choosing a supplier to ensure that you receive the highest quality forage possible.

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    Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Timothy, Horse Nutrition

    Harvest Update - Timothy and Alfalfa 2 September 2015

    Posted on Sep 3, 2015


    Monsoon season is nearing its end, and growers are looking forward to more stable weather in the Pacific Southwest (PSW) this week.

    In New Mexico, many farmers dealt with intermittent storms last week and are still feeling the effects of the precipitation. Due to the weather, 3rd cutting Alfalfa harvest is progressing slower than anticipated. Weather is expected to improve in coming days and clear skies are expected by the middle of the week.

    The weather in Utah has been comparably mild, giving growers a good window to make progress on their 3rd cutting Alfalfa harvest. As of Tuesday morning, 85% has been cut and 60% has been baled.  Quality is improving as the weather in the PSW begins to cooperate.

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    Topics: Alfalfa Hay, Timothy Hay, Quality of Forage, Timothy, Harvest Update, News